PRISON MINISTRY NETWORK NEWS is a service of the Prison ingMinistry Task Force of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland. Val Hymes is the coordinator of the Task Force and editor of Prison Ministry Network News.
VAL HYMES is a “retired” journalist who covered local, state and national government, law enforcement, the courts and politics for 35 years. She continues to advocate for criminal justice reform in Maryland and in Washington, working with secular and religious organizations to make reentry back to families and to the community a real possibility. For news, follow http://prisminnet.org For resources and information, www.prisonministry.ang-md.org For Camp Amazing Grace for children of the incarcerated, www.prisonministry.ang-md.org/camp. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE TASK FORCE WEB SITE contains more information and features about prison ministry, including an extensive list of local and national programs and resources in prison ministry, reentry, criminal justice reform, death penalty reform and victims/families.
See also news about Camp Amazing Grace for children of the incarcerated and about a new network for camp volunteers on the Episcopal Church Jubilee page.
You are invited to submit comments and information for inclusion on either site to email@example.com.
The Supreme Court Splits Oddly
Alito: “Most important criminal procedure case in decades.”
The Supreme Court justices, arguing Feb. 26 whether or not the collection of DNA during an arrest is an unreasonable search considering that a suspect is presumed innocent, split in unusual camps. The state of Maryland had discovered a rape suspect when he was arrested for assault. The Court of Appeals had struck down the case as a violation of the Fourth Amendment dealing with search and seizure. The state disagrees.
After 10 Years, FCC Finally Proposes Lowering Prison Phone Rates
On Christmas Eve, a decade after a petition was filed by the grandmother of a prisoner, the FCC adopted its notice of proposed new rules for prison phone rates to stop what it calls a government-sponsored “monopoly.”
Others have labeled the high costs as “predatory” to families and the commissions paid by companies to the prison systems as “kickbacks.” The FCC’s action took longer than the grandson’s release from prison.
In issuing its order on Dec. 28, the FCC commended the “leadership” of Commissioner Mignon L. Clyburn of South Carolina on this issue — one that she led in her home state of South Carolina by doing away with the commissions. http://www.fcc.gov/document/rates-interstate-inmate-calling-services
The public will have 60 days from the rule’s publishing in the Federal Register, and the FCC 90 days.
Faith--based groups in Wisconsin are determined to cut the prison population in half in three years. Journalist, ordained minister and columnist with the Capital Times Phil Haslanger writes:
“Half of the people behind bars in Wisconsin are there for nonviolent crimes. Half of them have issues with drug and alcohol abuse and/or mental illness. And most of them are going to return to our communities at some point.”
The Rev. Jerry Hancock, a former assistant district attorney and a former assistant attorney general, and now an ordained minister, said if Minnesota can do it, so can Wisconsin.
“We need treatment on the front end to keep people out, help on the back end to keep people from going back into prison after release and a way to allow people in prison to earn their way out. If we did all three of those things, we could solve this in three years.”
The effort, called the 11X15 Campaign, begins with rallies, meetings and marches by coalitions and networks of congregations led by clergy who have worked in and observed the criminal justice system in their earlier careers.
Las Vegas Cuts Offender Recycling with ‘Buddy’ Programs for Employers
A police officer, an ex-offender and an Urban League Champs program have cut the recidivism rate in Las Vegas to 26% down from the state’s 40%, the rate at which released inmates return to Nevada's prisons within three years.They have done it by making themselves advocates or “buddies” willing to vouch for ex-offenders to employers
Chad Baker, a Metro Police officer in West Las Vegas, has been mentoring former inmates for two years at the Urban League. He grew frustrated arresting the same people all the time in the department’s Bolden Area Command.
As a mentor, Baker seeks to mend relationships with ex-offenders and help them find employment at nearby businesses, such as grocery stores.“It’s one thing for an ex-offender to go into a business to try to get a job,” he said. “It’s another when an ex-offender walks in while a Metro Police officer is by their side.”
Jon Ponder started Hope for Prisoners after he was released from a Pennsylvania prison in 2009. He credits his time served in federal prison for a bank robbery with helping him turn his life around and understand what inmates need for successful transitions into society.
“My entire time in prison, I didn’t go to prison,” he said. “I went to school. I used every bit of time in prison to learn and grow.” www.hopeforprisoners.org
Long-term success ultimately hinges on a person’s desire to change, said John Butler, outreach coordinator for the Urban League’s RExO Champs program.
”They have to be able to obtain and secure (jobs) on their own, which is part of that self-sufficiency,” he said. “We guide and advocate for them.” http://www.lvul.org/rexo.html
Justice cites overcrowding; ignores mandatory minimums, drug policies
In an editorial, The New York Times said the Justice Department in its recent annual report failed to mention mandatory minimum sentences and its effective drug policies when it noted that the 218,000 federal prison inmates and a budget of almost $6.2 billion are “incompatible with a balanced crime policy and are unsustainable.”
The already-taxed Bureau of Prisons network swelled to 39 percent above capacity through last September, and is expected to surge to more than 45 percent above its limit in 2018, says the Government Accountability Office report, titled "Growing Inmate Crowding Negatively Affects Inmates, Staff, and Infrastructure."
There is no evidence that long mandatory sentences deter crime, says The Times, and “…there is very good evidence that older prisoners (45 and up) are the least dangerous…”
Report of Flawed Forensics Spurs Review of Thousands of Criminal Cases
By Val Hymes
A newspaper story last spring about defendants convicted on faulty forensic evidence has led to a review of tens of thousands of criminal cases by the Justice Department and the FBI.
The Washington Post reported in April that the “Justice Department had known for years that flawed forensic work might have led to the convictions of potentially innocent people but had not performed a thorough review of the cases."
The cases, from 1985 or earlier, will be examined in concert with The Innocence Project and the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers.
In June, the Supreme Court said prisoners do not have a constitutional right to DNA testing. “ The decision was based in large part,” said a Washington Post editorial, “on the assertion that federal judicial intervention was unnecessary because the great majority of state legislatures already had passed laws to give prisoners adequate access to the revolutionary technology.”
While 47 states allow some statutory access to DNA testing, the laws are limited and sketchy and motions for testing are often denied, even where the inmate offers to pay for it and the test could confirm guilt or innocence.
Leahy Plan for DOJ Forensics Unit
In January, Sen. Patrick Leahy introduced the Criminal Justice and Forensic cience Reform Act (S.132) It will establish an Office of Forensic Science within the Department of Justice.
It also will establish a Forensic Science Board comprised of scientists, practitioners, prosecutors, defense attorneys and other stakeholders to make recommendations in research priorities, standards and best practices; establish committees of scientists to be overseen by the National Institute of Standards and Technology which will examine each individual forensic science discipline to determine research needs and help set uniform standards.
A Rare Agreement: Right and Left Together on Criminal Justice Reform
A column in The Washington Times, published a column says “Left and Right agree on criminal justice reforms.” Escalating costs are leading voices from both sides of the aisle to call for an overhaul of the systems that now costing many states more than colleges. The writers urge Congress to follow the examples of states like Georgia, South Carolina, Kansas and Ohio. They have increased drug treatment inside and moved nonviolent prisoners into programs outside prisons.
'We will keep fighting’
Although some Republicans using states’ rights arguments, blocked passage of legislation that could begin the reform of the criminal justice system, Senator James Jim Webb (D.VA) said he is not backing down.
“We will keep fighting,” he said, “for a comprehensive review of the justice system, with the help of the thousands of sheriffs, police, mayors and justice advocates who have joined us in pressing for reform.” Out of a needed 60 the vote was 57-43. The legislation passed the House last year.
It would establish a bipartisan National Criminal Justice Commission to recommend reform and has the support of more than 100 organizations including The Heritage Foundation and law enforcement groups.
See Politico’s take at http://tinyurl.com/3cx5l8u
250th Convict Exonerated
The Innocence Project on Feb. 3 announced the 250th exoneration of a prisoner through DNA testing.
Freddie Peacock, 60, of Rochester, N.Y., was convicted in New York in 1976 of a rape he didn't commit based on a false eyewitness identification and a false confession that police claim he made during an interrogation. Peacock, who has severe mental illness, was freed in 1982, but continued the fight to clear his name..
His fight to clear his name after release is the longest of any DNA case so far. He spent the last 28 years pushing for complete exoneration, even turning down chances to end his parole. Finally, with the help of the Innocence Project, his name has been cleared.
A report issued by the Innnocence Project “250 Exonerated – Too Many Wrongfully Convicted -- describing the 250 cases -- may be found at http://innocenceproject.org/news/250.php
Its findings conclude that :
• There have been DNA exonerations in 33 states and the District of Columbia.
The National Coalition Against the Death Penalty (NCADP) points out that 17 percent of the exonerated were serving under threat of the death penalty. "While exonerating 250 citizens, the cases also identified 90 real perpetrators and 40 of them were convicted of subsequent crimes."
In December, James Bain, 54, was exonerated in Florida after spending 35 years in prison for the rape of a child and Donald Eugene Gates, 58, was freed in Arizona after serving 28 years in prison for rape and murder.
Congress Begins Fight to Restore
Justice advocates, unhappy that an estimated 5.3 million Americans cannot vote or participate fully in civic life because of a criminal conviction, are pressing for Congressional action to establish a federal standard restoring voting rights in federal elections. Sen Russell Feingold and Rep. John Conyers introduced the Democracy Restoration Act as S.1516 and H.R. 3335.
Passage of the Democracy Restoration Act would:
Virginia Ex-Offenders May Vote Next Year
Virginia 's governor has urged all ex-offenders who served time for nonviolent crimes to ask for a return of their voting rights. The Sentencing Project reports that Gov. Tim Kaine said in a broadcast interview with WSLS 10 he cannot by law restore voting rights across the board; it must be done one by one by name. He maintained that he has restored the rights of all nonviolent ex-offenders who applied and that those convicted for a violent felony require an investigation.
Here's a link to the story by the Sentencing Project: http://tinyurl.com/y8rhfge
Edited by Val Hymes
Maryland First Southern State
Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley signed the bill repealing the death penalty May 2, making the state the 18 th in the nation and the sixth in as many years. The issue however, is slated to go to referendum to be tested by the public in 2014.
As for the five men on death row, his office said the governor has not made a final decision about commuting their sentences to life without the possibility of parole. He will look at them on a “case-by-case basis.”
Polls in Maryland give the death penalty a narrow victory when voters are asked if they favor keeping executions. However, when they are asked if they favor the death penalty when there can be sentences of life without parole, repeal gets a heavier vote of approval.
On March 26, the Delaware Senate passed a repeal bill by one vote, but it remains stalled in a House committee. California voters wll decide the issue in November.
Death Penalty Repeal Referendum?
A referendum to challenge the successful repeal of the Maryland death penalty seems unlikely despite the predictions of Senate President Mike Miller, especially since there was legislation moving in the general assembly to make petitions more difficult to approve.
Polls have shown that Marylanders still prefer to keep the death penalty, but in smaller percentages.
From the Criminal-Outrageous-Justice Files
A man who was driving his friend’s car across the country in 2005 was arrested for a DUI and car theft in New Mexico. Stephen Slevin and his attorney say he then spent nearly two years in solitary confinement without physical or mental health care.
On March 5, he accepted a $15.5 million settlement from county officials despite a court’s ruling last year that the $22 million awarded him by a federal court was not excessive. He just wanted to end the fight that started with his arrest eight years ago.
Opponents of $70M Youth Jail Win
The state of Maryland has decided not to build a $70 million youth jail in Baltimore. The problems of housing juveniles with adults and charging juveniles as adults and how to house them in prison have been a serious concern.
Now the state is planning to rehab a pre-release center for youth offenders with counseling, treatment, education and recreation facilities, and is looking for a former school for more space.
The ‘Pipeline to Prison’ Is Going Public
Getting the word out about the “family-to-community-to-school pipeline” to prison is finally out in the open.
Churches, especially urban churches, have feared it for decades.
The Metropolitan AME church in Washington held a rally in Washington, D.C., March 28 to decry the work of the prison industrial complex creating “a pipeline straight from our schools, our communities and our families to prison,” speakers said.
“We must reclaim our young.”
Cradle-to-Prison Pipeline – Some Answers
The Children’s Defense Fund is working nationally to find ways to break that cycle.
As Congress considers re-authorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA), CDF President Marian Wright Edelman looks at several promising approaches across the country that are changing the juvenile justice paradigm from punishment and incarceration as a first resort to prevention, early intervention and rehabilitation.
California Voters Strike Down
Californians have finally reformed the three strikes law that has cost the state hundreds of millions a year and packed the prisons with more than 9,000 nonviolent offenders. Where a petty crime in the past ---including stealing a slice of pizza – has earned sentences of 25-life, the offenders may now show they are not a danger to society and ask a court for a lower sentence. It will not affect those convicted of violent crimes. Twenty-six other states have a three strikes law, but none of them involve petty crimes, says Slate.
According to the Associated Press, writes ThinkProgress, “In the past decade, three major private prison companies spent $45 million on campaign donations and lobbyists to push legislation at the state and federal level. At times, this money has gone to truly nefarious legislation. A 2011 report found that the private prison industry spent millions seeking to increase sentences and incarcerate more people in order to increase the industry's profits.”
The Federal Bureau of Prisons is paying the private companies $5.1 billion to hold more than 23,000 criminal immigrants through 13 contracts of varying lengths.
'Messiah' Aided Prisoners, Poor and Sick
Handel composed his great oratorio, “Messiah,” specifically for a charity organization for prisoners, a hospital and a charitable infirmary. The first performance in Dublin, Ireland, was on April 13, 1742. The money from the performance, news reports said, freed 142 indebted prisoners.
Another “Messiah” was sung for the 26 th year Nov. 25 in a small brick church built for the colonists just 21 years after that performance. It too was a benefit for the poor through the Salvation Army. More than 200 singers showed up for the event at St. James’ Parish in Lothian, MD.
A March 3 Lenten “Messiah” Sing-Along is under consideration.
Lack of DNA Evidence
After he confessed, Damon Thibodeaux was convicted of the rape and murder of his teenage step-cousin and sentenced to death, spending 15 years locked in a cell 23 hours a day in the Louisiana prison at Angola.
California Pregnant Inmates: Shackles No Longer Allowed
California has outlawed shackles on pregnant inmates throughout their pregnancy. The state was one of the first in 2005 to outlaw them during labor, delivery and recovery, but the ACLU fought hard for two years beginning in 2010 to outlaw shackles throughout pregnancy. Law enforcement fought back and it was vetoed twice. But stories about women falling and warnings of danger to mother and child finally succeeded Sept. 29.
Inmates Seek 1st Amendment Rights
Six prisoners went to court Aug. 14 to argue that a victims’ rights policy has no teeth and that they have a First Amendment right to promote their peace initiative to slow gang violence through interviews with the media.
The Maryland Dept. of Public Safety and Corrections argued that the warden has the power to say no, but the inmates appealed to the Inmate Grievance Office and when denied, went to a circuit court. The judge denied their motions but scheduled a Nov. 19 hearing that could decide whether the policy is "arbitrary and capricious."
Ex-offender Walter Lomax of Maryland Restorative Justice writes that Maryland is defying the recent Supreme Court’s ban of life without the possibility of parole for juveniles. Life with the possibility of parole in Maryland “has become synonymous with death in prison,” he writes, because several governors “have opted not to grant parole…” http://tinyurl.com/95j6pre
Supreme Court Hints DNA Decision
Supreme Court Chief Justice John G. Roberts issued an interim order July 18 to temporarily allow police in Maryland to once again collect DNA samples from those charged with violent crimes and burglary.
The Maryland Court of Appeals in April overturned a rape conviction citing a defendant’s Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable searches and seizures.
The directive is extended while the Supreme Court decides whether or not to hear the case. There is a “fair prospect” that it will take the case, Roberts said in his order, calling DNA tests a “valuable tool for investigating unsolved crimes.” –- Val Hymes
Inmates Restore Black Cemetery;
One of the oldest graveyards in the country for African Americans is Baltimore City’s long-neglected Mount Auburn Cemetery.
Nonprofits Press Maryland to Give
The State of Maryland continues to resist taking action that could save a sprawling complex of brick buildings on a landscaped and shaded campus near the State Capital.
Some became college annexes; others became hospital expansions. But many have stood empty, their roofs caving in, broken windows gaping and historians saddened by the deterioration. Crownsville State Hospital in Maryland, originally built for the “Negro Insane” in 1910 is one of them. Sitting on 500+ acres are 66 buildings – some of them considered worthy of permanent protection.
The state wants a developer to purchase it for real estate tax revenue; the community fears development, traffic congestion and destruction of the rural landscape. But a group of nonprofits have a vision for a “Village of Health, Healing and Hope” – a one-stop center for community, veterans and reentry services, a sports complex, hiking and biking trails and a museum to tell the story of the agrarian community and the “hospital for the negro insane.” It has been a four-year saga of frustration for the volunteers.
Miss America Visits Camp
Miss America 2012, once a child with a father in prison, has dedicated her platform during and after her reign to promoting mentoring of children of prisoners.
“I’ve been there. I’ve lived it,” said Laura Kaeppeler, 23, of Kenosha, Wis. “A lot of times these children feel this experience that is out of their control defines them. A lot of time, incarceration cycles in families. They don’t think there is another way out for them.”
When she was in high school, her father served a year in prison for mail fraud. He supports her long-term plans to work for children of prisoners.
She spent the day at a camp for children of prisoners Aug. 1. She made children of the incarcerated her contest cause because she remembers how it felt when her father was taken away. She visited Camp Bob at the Kanuga Conference Center in North Carolina.
See photos, videos: www.facebook.com/CampBobAtKanuga
Since her January crowning, she has met with 200 inmates at Racine Correctional Institution. “No matter what they’re there for,” she said, “they can only move up from where they’ve been. And kids still deserve a relationship with them as parents,” Kaeppeler said.
She also met with U. S. Dream Academy officials in Baltimore and Washington, D.C. She hopes to become a partner and spokesman with the academy is a national organization for at-risk children with learning centers in 10 cities.
Although she is an accomplished musician, she plans to seek a law degree in child advocacy. Her organization, Circles of Support, is at www.laurakaeppeler.com.
Supreme Court to Consider Banning
There are about 75 juveniles in 18 states serving sentences of life without parole for killing when they were 13 or 14 years old. The Supreme Court agreed Nov. 7 to determine whether that sentence in two Alabama cases is ”cruel and unusual” and violates the Constitution
According to the Associated Press, the cases involving killings by juveniles when they were 13 were brought by the Equal Justice Initiative in Montgomery. They will be heard next year. The court ruled last year that juveniles whose crimes did not involve killing could not be denied the possibility of parole.
Newspaper Honors Lifers' Group
Six lifers and long-termers in a Jessup, Md. prison who created a program to stop gang violence inside and outside prisons have won an Innovator of the Year award from The Daily Record in Baltimore.
The newspaper selected the Legalese Group, Inc.,(ELG,Inc.,) the only incorporated prisoner think tank in Maryland, for "creating a new program that has helped their communities with imagination and vision,” demonstrating “the ability to see a need and fill it, and the courage to make change happen."
They were slated to be recognized in absentia Oct. 26, at a reception at the American Visionary Arts Museum in Baltimore. Jennifer Adkins, the mother of a teenager, Christopher Jones, 14, who was killed by gang members, was asked by the prisoners to accept the award for them.
Adkins and Christopher’s father, a deputy sheriff, had one inside the Jessup Correctional Institute a year earlier to meet with the ELG about its Peace Initiative. At one of the meetings, touched by Christopher’s story, a dozen gang leaders and members stood to pledge a stop to random violence.
“If we can’t stop the violence in our communities outside prisons,” said Adkins, “then we’ll go inside to find answers.”
The men plan to work with gang leaders in the prison as they move in and out of the corrections system and to redirect gang members to help stop bullying in schools and to volunteer to provide security at community meetings.
JCI Warden John S. Wolfe said, “We have to reach across walls to address these problems. You men have been there. They’re apt to listen to you.”
The ELG grew out of a prisoner newsletter, Extra Legalese, that offered legal tips and information about court rulings and law. It led to Legal Awareness Seminars in four facilities in Maryland and to other programs.
A Community Support Coalition, which is helping the ELG, is made up of attorneys, educators,and community and reentry program leaders, including representatives of the NAACP, Fusion, the Justice Policy Institute, Safe Streets Baltimore and the Jericho program.
Prisoners' ‘Lifelines’ Are Cut
A Dan Rodricks column in the Baltimore Sun reports that Maryland prison libraries have no money in the budget for new books and now have cut their evening hours at all state prisons.
Many prisoners use the libraries to increase their chances of succeeding when they get out, working on a GED, for example. He writes:
Many who are within a year or two of release use library services to prepare for re-entry -- to get their GED, to improve their vocabularies and language skills. The recidivism rate in the United States varies, from 50 percent to as high as 67 percent in some states, and there are two main reasons for that level of failure: the employment challenge facing ex-offenders on the outside and the lack of preparation for re-entry on the inside.
Prisons are for punishment. Prisons exist to protect the public. But given that so many of their inhabitants eventually get out of them, they should be places of second chances, too,” writes Rodricks.
The Department of Corrections maintains that it has in operation all necessary reentry programs for those due to get out within a year. Shutting down the libraries and cutting all book money is not the way to do it.
The chief librarian, Glennor Shirley, says they are “lifelines” for the inmates. And that includes lifers and long-termers.
'Financial Expediency, Not Justice'
Legislators in Rhode Island this fall Outlawed mandatory minimum sentences. Two other states, Massachusetts and Ohio considering sentencing reforms, according to the Washington Post.
Numbers released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics show that states are sending fewer people to prison in order to lessen the high cost of their corrections departments.. They are also reevaluating sentencing, parole and drug policies. The irony of these changes was caught by the head of a victims’ organization when he noted that they are economic and not justice reasons.
The good news is that the incarceration rate for African-Americans has dropped, but not far enough. "... The scale of racial disparity in imprisonment still dramatic," said Marc Mauer, The Sentencing Project's executive director.
New bipartisan legislation was introduced in Congress Nov. 17 that is designed to cut corrections costs and increase public safety. It's called the Criminal Justice Reinvestment Act of 2009.
It would authorize the Attorney General to make grants to state and local governments and tribes to help them analyze criminal justice trends, develop options to reduce expenses and increase efficiency to make communities safer, to put into place better policies and programs, and measuring the impact of these changes.
In 1988 state spending on corrections was $12 billion. The cost had increased to more than $50 billion by 2008, yet most inmates released from state prisons were back inside within three years.
The Council of State Governments Justice Center worked in several states with policymakers on these ideas and saw hundreds of millions of dollars saved in corrections spending. The bills, S. 2772 and HR. 4080 grew out of programs tried in 11 states.
The Episcopal Church holds a General Conventions every three years. Actions approved by the convention or the executive council means the church’s government relations office in Washington can go to work lobbying for appropriate legislation before Congress. A successful resolution in 2006 calling on Episcopalians to actively support reentry legislation helped lead to the passage and signing of the Second Chance Act in 2008.
Despite the huge workload of about 400 resolutions facing them at the July 2009 Convention, the bishops and deputies of the Diocese of Maryland won the successful passage of three resolutions proposed by the Prison Ministry Task Force.
States, Cities Tell Hill
As the full court press for funds for the Second Chance Act came to a head, the chief sponsor, Rep. Danny K. Davis (D-IL), sponsored a special symposium April 1 to highlight what states and cities want to do with reentry funds if they are approved.
The Second Chance State and Local Reentry Initiative Symposium on Capitol Hill focused on half a dozen state and city corrections officials and eight bipartisan congressional supporters. They planned to spell out what they believe those programs in the new reentry law can do to make corrections more efficient and less costly and neighborhoods safer if the money can be found.
Attendees were also to hear from Gary Dennis, the Justice Department point man in the Bureau of Justice Assistance about fund solicitation requirements and deadlines.
The Second Chance Act, which passed with overwhelming bipartisan support and was signed into law in April 2008, authorizes $165 million for programs that will improve coordination of reentry services and policies at the state and local levels. While advocates are pressing for full funding, President Obama included $75 million in his budget for SCA.
Officials taking part in the symposium were: Jerry Madden, Texas State Representative Deanne Benos, Illinois Assistant Director of Corrections, Secretary Rick Raemisch, Wisconsin Department of Correction Commissioner Martin F. Horn, New York City Department of Correction Bonnie Cosgrove, Maryland Public Safety & Correctional Services Dennis Schrantz and Michigan Deputy Director, Planning & Community Development.
The new law includes a $55 million program for Adult and Juvenile Offender State and Local Reentry Demonstration Projects, which improve coordination of reentry initiatives and implement evidence-based practices.
The Second Chance Act also authorizes a $15 million program for Mentoring Grants to Nonprofit Organizations, which provide mentoring and other transitional services to adult and juvenile offenders reentering the community.
State and local governments and nonprofit organizations around the country are eager to launch innovative reentry programs, and families and communities are desperate to access the services the Second Chance Act will provide.
Why Was the Second Chance Act So Important?
Shocking New Numbers
1 in 100 Adults Now in Prison
New High in U. S. Prison Numbers
All over the country, the report of the Pew Center on the States made the lead story. Talk about “shock and awe.” The 50 states alone spent more than $49 billion on corrections. The rate of increase for prison costs was six times greater than for higher education spending.
The study, done by a recognized organization, notes that the costs of corrections is now $11 billion more than it was 20 years ago, and that fact is making the states consider reentry programs despite the fear of looking “soft on crime.”
Republican support of the Second Chance Act is a sign that this message of cost is a strong one. Read more: http://tinyurl.com/b2wehg
The Barriers Outside
There are also “Invisible Punishments – the Collateral Consequences of Mass Imprisonment” as spelled out by co-editor Marc Mauer of The Sentencing Project in his book. The magazine notes:
Some states, including New York, have laws restricting employers from considering of criminal records in hiring, but many others do not. Ex-cons are further handicapped because employers can now easily gain access to criminal offender databases when they are performing background checks. The Army, for example, found that more than 8,000 of its new recruits last year had criminal histories. It granted them waivers, but other professions are off limits to ex-cons—teaching and child-care work, of course, but also embalming, limousine driving, firefighting, and haircutting.
Senator Leahy of Vermont, chief sponsor of the Second Chance Act in the Senate, is also concerned about these collateral consequences. http://tinyurl.com/atwqha
Can a Parolee